全球先进生物能源资讯 » 新闻资讯 » 国际资讯 » 正文行业新闻 国际资讯 专家学者 技术交流 政策法规 展会动态 

美国---亚洲木屑颗粒出口市场概况 US Forest Product Exports to Asia

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2017-03-23  来源:全球先进生物能源资讯  浏览次数:25
 

工业木屑颗粒行业正在以惊人的速度发展。2001年全球生产的颗粒总量约为200万吨(MT),2015年约为2800万吨。随着全球市场的不断发展,现在是按地区和类型分析其他美国森林产品出口情况的好时机。这些数据可以告诉我们很多关于原料利用的信息,并且有助于揭示国外市场生物质和木屑颗粒增长的新机会。 随着巴黎气候协议的指令开始生效,对工业木屑颗粒的新需求正在向前发展,亚洲市场---特别是韩国和日本市场---为美国生产商带来新的机遇。

The industrial wood pellet industry is catching its breath after an astounding surge since the turn of the millennium. Global production of pellets totaled roughly 2 million metric tons (MT) in 2001, and roughly 28 million MT in 2015. As this market continues to evolve globally, it’s a good time to step back and analyze other U.S. forest product exports by region and type. This data can tell us a lot about raw material utilization, and help uncover new opportunities for biomass and wood pellet growth in foreign markets. New demand for industrial wood pellets is on the horizon, as directives from the Paris climate agreement begin to take effect, and Asian markets—particularly the South Korean and Japanese markets—represent new opportunities for U.S. Producers.    

在2016年,美国大陆出口约1900万吨木屑颗粒、木材、原木和木片,其中有790万吨(41%)为原木(图1)。美国西部出口580万吨(74%)原木,南部出口140万吨,北部出口60万吨。然而,美国出口的绝大多数原木(790万吨中的740万吨)都销往了亚洲市场。大部分通过西部港口出口,由于该地区的高品质木材,更靠近亚洲。

Of the approximately 19 million MT of wood pellets, lumber, logs and wood chips exported from the continental U.S. in 2016, 7.9 million MT (41 percent) were logs (Fig. 1). In total, 5.8 million MT (74 percent) of logs were exported out of the West, 1.4 million MT out of the South, and 0.6 million MT out of the North, to other countries. However, most logs (7.4 of 7.9 million MT) exported out of the U.S. were destined for Asian markets. The majority were exported out of western ports due to the region’s high-quality timber and closer proximity to Asia.

 

按量计,木屑颗粒是美国出口第二个最重要的木制品,总计470万吨。 超过99%是从南部运往欧洲港口。
On a volume basis, wood pellets were the next most significant wood product export from the U.S., totaling 4.7 million MT. Over 99 percent of this volume was shipped from the South and received into European ports.

 

在美国350万吨木材出口中,200万吨(57%)通过南部港口出货,80万吨(22%)从北部港口运出,70万吨(21%)从西部港口运出。美国出口了大约290万吨木片,其中170万吨(59%)通过西部港口,主要运往日本。另有110万吨(3%)从南部港口出口。

Of the 3.5 million MT of U.S. lumber exports, 2 million MT (57 percent) were shipped via South ports, 0.8 million MT (22 percent) were shipped from North ports and 0.7 million MT (21 percent) were shipped from West ports. Approximately 2.9 million MT of wood chips were exported from the U.S., of which 1.7 million MT (59 percent) were shipped via West ports, primarily to Japan. An additional 1.1 million MT (3 percent) were exported from South ports.

 

亚洲国家是美国木制品出口的重要市场,特别是出口到中国、日本和越南的原木和木材。对于这三个港口地区,原木和木材出口在2016年是亚洲国家最重要的出口(图2)。唯一的例外就是西部木片出口到日本。
Asian countries are important markets for U.S. wood product exports, especially logs and lumber shipped to China, Japan and Vietnam. For each of the three port regions, log and lumber exports represented the most significant exports to Asian countries in 2016 (Fig. 2). The only exception to this was wood chip exports to Japan out of the West.

大多数美国木屑颗粒出口都是出口到欧盟,更具体地说,超过90%的美国颗粒出口到英国(图3)。几乎460万吨木屑颗粒(99.9%)都是从美国南部港口出口。毫无疑问,从美国出口到亚洲国家的大部分木屑颗粒是通过西海岸港口。虽然与南部销往英国的出口量相比,这一数量微乎其微,但在2016年至少有309吨的颗粒销往亚洲国家,主要在西部港口。

Most U.S. wood pellet exports are shipped to the EU, and more specifically, over 90 percent of all U.S. pellet exports are sent to the U.K. (Fig. 3). Virtually all (99.9 percent) of the 4.6 million MT of wood pellets exported from the continental U.S. are exported through South ports. Not surprisingly, most of the wood pellets exported from the U.S. to Asian countries pass through West Coast ports. While the volume is miniscule compared to South exports to the U.K., at least 309 MT of pellets were shipped to Asian countries in 2016, primarily out of West ports.

根据联合国的数据,2015年亚洲木屑颗粒进口约为170万吨(图4)。相比之下,英国在同期进口650万吨的颗粒。虽然亚洲区域市场大约是英国市场的四分之一,但市场却很年轻,有发展潜力。
According to United Nations data, the Asian wood pellet import market was approximately 1.7 million MT in 2015 (Fig. 4). By comparison, the U.K. imported 6.5 million MT of pellets during the same period. While the Asian regional market is roughly one-quarter of the size of the U.K. market, the market is young and on a bit of a learning curve.

 

数据回顾

•2015年亚洲最大的颗粒进口国是韩国,进口约150万吨,占亚洲市场进口颗粒的85% 韩国从越南进口超过100万吨(70%)的颗粒,另外还有40万吨(29%)从马来西亚、加拿大、俄罗斯、印度尼西亚和泰国进口。韩国从美国进口大约18,800吨颗粒。

• The largest Asian pellet importer in 2015 was South Korea, which imported approximately 1.5 million MT, or 85 percent of the Asian market for imported pellets. South Korea imported over 1.0 million MT (70 percent) of its pellets from Vietnam, and an additional 0.4 million MT (29 percent) were imported from Malaysia, Canada, Russia, Indonesia and Thailand. Approximately 18,800 MT of pellets were imported to South Korea from the U.S.

•日本2015年进口量为232,400吨,约占亚洲市场的13.5%。从加拿大进口约146,200吨(63%),从中国进口57,900吨(25%),从越南进口27,400吨(12%)。
• Japan imported 232,400 MT of pellets in 2015, which represented roughly 13.5 percent of the Asian market. Approximately 146,200 MT (63 percent) were imported from Canada, 57,900 MT (25 percent) were imported from China and 27,400 MT (12 percent) from Vietnam.

 
•在2015年其他亚洲国家进口大约24,600吨木屑颗粒,主要是马来西亚(13,100吨),印度尼西亚(6,200吨)和中国(2,400吨)。
• Together, other Asian countries imported
approximately 24,600 MT of wood pellets in 2015, primarily from Malaysia (13,100 MT), Indonesia (6,200 MT) and China (2,400 MT). 


日本政府最近批准了近3.2GW 的生物质发电装机容量(已经投入使用了大约500MW的电力),这为全球木屑颗粒制造商提供了新机会。亚洲生物能源生产商将要求供应安全性,以确保融资和持续经营,正如加拿大对日本的出口的例子,这些市场已经从北美接收了高品质的木屑颗粒。拥有丰富可持续的森林,完善的木材出口基础设施,使美国生物质和颗粒生产商有能力利用这一需求增长。
The Japanese government recently approved nearly 3.2 GW of biomass-fired capacity (approximately 500-plus MW are already commissioned), which represents a new opportunity for global wood pellet manufacturers. Asian biopower producers will require security of supply to ensure financing and ongoing operations and, as evidenced by Canada’s significant exports to Japan, these markets are already receiving high-quality wood pellets from North America. With abundant and sustainable forests and a wood export infrastructure that is already in place as a result of other forest product exports, U.S. biomass and pellet producers are well positioned to capitalize on this increase in demand. 

 


来源:Biomass Magazine

Author:Stan Parton 

 

本文关键字:
 
推荐图文
推荐新闻资讯
最新文章