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英国度过首个无煤发电日,生物质功不可没!Biomass helps UK have coal-free day

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2017-04-28  来源:全球先进生物能源资讯  浏览次数:39
 

4月21日,英国度过自工业革命后首个连续24小时不使用煤炭的日子。

The UK ran coal free for 24 hours on Friday 21 April, the first time the country had done so on a working day since the Industrial Revolution.

 

据英国广播公司(BBC)称,4月21日约有50%的英国能源来自天然气,大约25%来自核电。其余25%来自生物质能、风能和进口能源。

According to the BBC, about 50% of British energy on 21 April came from natural gas and around 25% from nuclear power. The remaining 25% was provided by biomass, wind and imported energy.

 

在未来,无煤日可能变得越来越常见,英国政府计划逐步淘汰使用化石燃料,以应对气候变化的承诺。该国将在2025年关闭最后一个燃煤电站。

Coal-free days are likely to become increasingly common in the future, with the UK government planning to phase out the use of the fossil fuel in order to meet climate change commitments. The country’s last coal power station will be forced to close in 2025.

 

西伯顿1号火电站,是英国现在唯一运行的煤炭发电站。去年英国也尝试在短时间内实现无煤发电,最长一次达19个小时。这次是英国最长的无煤发电,并且是在一个工作日。

West Burton 1 Power Station, which had been the only coal power station in operation, went offline on Thursday evening. Until Friday’s milestone, the longest coal free period since the advent of the fossil fuel had come in 2016, when the UK ran for 19 hours without coal use.

 

“煤炭一直是英国的重要组成部分,并得到了很多人的认可,随着英国多家火电站关闭或转为使用生物能源发电,煤电在该国发电量中占比近来大幅下降。次是令人振奋的一步,不使用煤炭电力系统仍能运行。” 华威商学院,WBS全球能源研究网David Elmes表示。

"Coal has been a vital part of the UK over my lifetime, and due recognition to the people who made that happen, but this is an exciting step in the huge transition the UK is making to an electricity system that’s still affordable and reliable but more sustainable through using gas rather than coal.“ said David Elmes, Warwick Business School, Head of the WBS Global Energy Research Network.

 

“未来仍是挑战和机遇并存。使用更少的煤不仅仅是改变发电站使用的燃料,而是实现生产、储存和使用能量方式的转变,即转变大型集中式解决方案,如大型电站和电缆网络等。我们已经看到很多地方使用分布式能源发电,包括我们的家园、社区和工业。”

“There are still challenges and opportunities ahead. Using less coal is not just about changing the fuel used in power stations, it’s a shift in the way we generate, store and use energy from big centralised solutions like large power stations and the national network of pylons and cables we use to move electricity around.We already see a move to more local, distributed ways that energy is made and used, in our homes, communities and in industry.”  

来源:Bioenergy-News 

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