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NEB报告:加拿大生物质发电情况

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2017-05-10  来源:全球先进生物能源资讯  浏览次数:43

 

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加拿大国家能源局(National Energy Board)最近发布了一份关于加拿大利用可再生能源的报告,报告说,该国与世界上大多数其他发达经济体的可再生能源相比,电力份额更大。

The National Energy Board recently released a report on Canada’s adoption of renewable power sources, reporting the country generates a larger share of its electricity from renewable sources than most other developed economies in the world.

 

该报告包括直接比较加拿大在可再生能源利用方面在国际上的排名情况,以及影响可再生能源更新的因素,包括财务成本、可靠性和环境影响。它涉及的可再生能源技术范围广泛,包括生物质能。

The report includes direct comparisons of how Canada ranks internationally for renewable power adoption and covers factors that affect the update of renewable sources, including financial costs, reliability and environmental impacts. It addresses a wide range of renewable technologies, including biomass.

 

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报告显示,2014年加拿大约有70个生物质发电厂,总装机容量为2408兆瓦。 这包括依靠木材,木材副产品和垃圾填埋气体的设施。总体而言,生物质能占加拿大发电量的1.7%,占实际发电量的1.9%。 2015年,生产能源电力达到12,161吉瓦时。从2005年到2015年,生物质发电量增长了54%。

The report shows Canada had approximately 70 biomass generating power plants in 2014 with a total installed capacity of 2,408 MW. This includes facilities that rely on wood, wood byproducts and landfill gas. Overall, biomass accounts for 1.7 percent of Canada’s electric generation capacity, and 1.9 percent of actual generation. In 2015, 12,161 gigawatt hours of biomass-based electricity were produced. From 2005 to 2015, biomass generation grew by 54 percent.

 

在加拿大,生物质最多的省份是那些含有活性纸浆、造纸和林业的省份,包括安大略省、阿尔伯塔省、魁北克省和新不伦瑞克省。尽管加拿大几乎没有用于甲烷能源生产的垃圾填埋场,但报告指出,一些加拿大城市使用垃圾填埋场或厌氧消化设施积极生产能源。垃圾填埋气也在一些地方转化为管道可再生天然气。

Within Canada, provinces with the highest biomass use are those with active pulp, paper and forestry industries, including Ontario, Alberta, Quebec, and New Brunswick. While few landfills in Canada recover methane for use in energy production, the report notes that some Canadian municipalities actively produce energy waste using either landfills or anaerobic digestion facilities. Landfill gas is also converted into pipeline-quality renewable natural gas in some locations.

 

报告显示,2015年全球生物质发电量达到518太瓦时,约占全球发电量的2%。 其中大多数发电都归功于固体生物燃料,如木屑颗粒和木片。 然而,沼气、城市固体废物和生物燃料也被用于发电。

Internationally, the report shows that biomass generation reached 518 terawatt hours in 2015, which accounts for approximately 2 percent of global power generation. Most generation is attributed to solid biofuels, such as wood pellets and chips. However, biogas, municipal solid waste and biofuels are also used to generate power.


来源:
National Energy Board

Author:Erin Voegele   

 

 
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