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瑞典生物能源日:从8月21日起,瑞典依靠生物能源 Sweden’s Bioenergy Day: 21 August

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2017-08-14  来源:全球先进生物能源资讯  浏览次数:125
 

 

生物能源是欧洲领先的可再生能源。根据欧盟统计局和欧洲生物质能协会(AEBIOM)的数据显示,今年生物能源将占欧盟28国能源消费总量的11%。其他可再生能源,如水力发电、风能、太阳能和地热能源,再占7%。但是,不可再生能源仍占欧盟能源使用量的82%。

Bioenergy is Europe’s leading renewable energy source. According to Eurostat data and calculations by the European Biomass Association (AEBIOM), bioenergy will account for 11% of the final energy consumption in the EU-28 this year. Other renewable energy sources, like hydropower, wind, solar and geothermal, stand for another 7%. But still, non-renewable energy makes up 82% of the EU’s energy use.

来源Source: Eurostat, Aebiom’s calculations

 

对于整个欧盟来说,这意味着从11月21日至年底所有能源使用将来自生物能源,因此,欧洲生物质能协会(AEBIOM)将于11月21日庆祝欧洲生物能源日。

For the EU as a whole, this means that all energy use from 21 November until the end of the year will come from bioenergy, and therefore AEBIOM will celebrate the European Bioenergy Day on 21 November.

欧盟28国可再生能源在总能源消耗中的份额。

EU-28 share of energy from renewable sources in the gross final energy consumption.

来源Source: Eurostat, AEBIOM’s calculations

 

对于瑞典来说,国家生物能源日定于在8月21日,瑞典是欧盟成员国的领先者,因为它的生物能源占最终能源消耗中的份额36%。自2009年以来,生物能源是瑞典的主要能源,其份额逐年增加。2017年瑞典的可再生能源利用总量将达到55%左右,而整个欧盟则为18%。其他生物能源份额较高的欧盟成员国分别是芬兰(33%)、拉脱维亚(31%)、爱沙尼亚(27%)、丹麦(25%)、立陶宛(22%)、奥地利和罗马尼亚(均为20%)。

For Sweden, the national Bioenergy Day occurs already on August 21st, which is the first of all the EU member states as Sweden’s bioenergy share in the final energy consumption is 36%. Bioenergy is the leading energy source in Sweden since 2009, and its share increases year by year. The total use of renewable energy will be around 55% in Sweden in 2017, compared to 18% in EU as a whole. Other EU member states with high shares of bioenergy are Finland (33%), Latvia (31%), Estonia (27%), Denmark (25%), Lithuania (22%), and Austria and Romania (both 20%).

瑞典在可再生能源总能源消耗总额中所占的份额。

Swedish share of energy from renewable sources in the gross final energy consumption.

来源Source: Eurostat, AEBIOM/Svebio’s calculations

 

生物能源是欧盟领先的可再生能源,但经常被公众忽视。

Bioenergy is the leading renewable energy source in EU, but often overlooked in the public debate on energy.

 

瑞典生物能源协会(Svebio)首席执行官兼AEBIOM前总裁Gustav Melin说:“进一步增加欧盟生物能源的使用潜力很大,从而取代化石燃料,减少气候气体排放。

“There is a large potential to further increase the use of bioenergy in EU, and thereby replace fossil fuels and reduce climate gas emissions” says Gustav Melin, CEO in Svebio, (the Swedish Bioenergy Association) and former president of AEBIOM.

 

瑞典正在致力于将生物能源应用在社会各个领域,如采暖、发电、工业和交通等。在瑞典,20%的运输燃料已经是生物燃料。瑞典生物能源成功案例背后的一个主要原因是瑞典碳税和广泛的政治支持。通过强有力地激励措施,市场参与者已经实现了利用智能和具有成本效益的技术将生物质用于能源。尽管大量使用林业生物能源,但上世纪瑞典森林的数量几乎翻了一番。

Sweden is showing the way by using bioenergy in all sectors of society, in heating, power production, industry and for transport. 20% of all transport fuels are already biofuels in Sweden. A major reason behind the Swedish success story on bioenergy is the Swedish carbon taxation and broad political support. With strong general incentives, the market actors have implemented smart and cost-efficient technologies to use biomass for energy. Despite the large use of bioenergy from forests, the standing volume of the Swedish forests has almost doubled in the last century.

 

 来源:Svebio

Written by Kjell Andersson

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