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荷兰生物质消费量到2020年将达到230万吨

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2019-03-15  来源:全球先进生物能源资讯  浏览次数:600
 

根据荷兰政府向美国农业部外国农业服务局全球农业信息网提交的一份报告,荷兰的生物质消费量预计将从2018年的约180万吨增加到2020年的约230万吨。

Biomass consumption in the Netherlands is expected to grow from approximately 1.8 million metric tons in 2018 to about 2.3 million tons in 2020, according to a report filed by the Dutch government with the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service’s Global Agricultural Information Network.

 

根据该报告,预计的增长是基于荷兰政府的补贴。政府还表示,预计将增加生物质的进口数量,无论是木片还是颗粒。

According to the report, the expected increase is based on allocated Dutch government subsidies. The government also said an increasing volume of biomass is expected to be imported, either in the form of wood chips or pellets.

 

该报告指出,荷兰的生物质工业市场可分为两个主要部分:与煤炭共烧生物质的发电厂,以及产生热量和/或电力的生物质发电厂。

The report notes that the Dutch industrial market for biomass can be divided into two main segments: power plants that cofire biomass with coal, and biomass plants that generate heat and/or power.

 

报告称,与煤炭共烧生物质的发电厂位于港口,可能以进口木屑颗粒的形式采购生物质。这些工厂从荷兰政府获得的补贴是基于比其他类型的生物质较高的颗粒价格。报告还指出,这些设施使用的颗粒必须符合荷兰政府的可持续性要求,并与环境非政府组织达成协议。报告指出,限制从美国进口颗粒的主要限制因素是缺乏森林水平认证,以及公约强制执行的其他要求。

Power plants that cofire biomass with coal are located at ports and are likely to source biomass in the form of imported wood pellets, the report said. The subsidy these plants receive from the Dutch government is based on the relatively high price of pellets when compared to other types of biomass. The report also indicates that pellets used by these facilities must comply with Dutch government sustainability requirements and a covenant agreed upon with environmental NGOs. The report states that the main constraint limiting pellet imports from the U.S. is the lack of forest level certification, along with additional requirements enforced by the covenant.

 

该报告将产生热量和/或电力的生物质发电厂分为两个子类别:容量超过5兆瓦的设施和容量小于5兆瓦的设施。

The report divides biomass plants generating heat and/or power into two subcategories: facilities with a capacity of more than 5 MW, and facilities with a capacity of less than 5 MW.

 

容量为5兆瓦或以上的生物质发电厂必须符合荷兰政府的可持续性要求。根据该报告,这些较大的设施通常位于内陆港口,可能以木片或颗粒的形式在当地采购生物质。与当地采购的生物质相比,购买美国颗粒或木片用于这些设施的主要限制因素是其相对较高的价格。

Biomass plants with a capacity of 5 MW or more must comply with the Dutch government’s sustainability requirements. According to the report, these larger facilities are often located at inland ports and are likely to source biomass locally in the form of chips or pellets. The main constraint with the purchase of U.S. pellets or chips for these facilities is their relatively high price when compared to locally sourced biomass.

 

容量小于5兆瓦的小型发电厂不需要符合荷兰的可持续性要求。根据该报告,这些设施主要位于港口,可能以木片或颗粒的形式从国外采购生物质。该报告还指出,目前对这些设施改用生物质的主要限制因素是公众缺乏有利的处置方式认识。

Smaller facilities with a capacity of less than 5 MW do not need to comply with the Dutch sustainability requirements. According to the report, these facilities are primarily located at ports and are likely to source biomass from abroad, in the form of chips or pellets. The report also notes the current main constraint for switching to biomass for these facilities is the lack of a favorable disposition by the public.

在报告中,荷兰政府表示,预计未来两年固体生物质需求量将增加约50万吨。 预计需求增加将以木片形式吸引其他欧盟成员国的生物质,并以颗粒形式从其他国家进口。迄今为止,报告指出荷兰企业局已经为使用固体生物质进行能源生产的200多个项目提供了补贴。

Within the report, the Dutch government said it expects demand for solid biomass to increase by approximately 500,000 tons over the next two years. The increased demand is expected to attract biomass from other EU member states in the form of chips, and imports from other countries in the form of pellets. To date, the report states the Dutch Enterprise Agency has granted subsidies for more than 200 projects using solid biomass for energy production.

 

荷兰在2018年消费了约170万吨非颗粒的木质生物质。该国生产150万吨,出口35万吨,进口55万吨。2018年荷兰的木屑颗粒消费量达到15.5万吨。该国生产了5,000吨颗粒,进口40万吨,出口25万吨。

The Netherlands consumed approximately 1.7 million tons of nonpellet wood biomass in 2018. The country produced 1.5 million tons, exported 350,000 tons, and imported 550,000 tons. Consumption of wood pellets in the Netherlands reached 155,000 tons in 2018. The country produced 5,000 tons of pellets, imported 400,000 tons and exported 250,000 tons.

 

来源:Biomass Magazine

 

 

 

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